Picking a Policy

Picking a life insurance policy is an important decision that requires careful consideration of your financial goals, budget, and the needs of your loved ones. With various types of policies available, finding the right one can seem overwhelming. Here are some steps to help you pick the most suitable life insurance policy:

1. Assess Your Needs:

Financial Obligations:

  • Calculate your current and future financial obligations, including mortgage payments, debts, college tuition for children, and other expenses.

Income Replacement:

  • Determine how much income your family would need to maintain their standard of living in case of your death.

Estate Planning:

  • Consider any estate planning goals, such as leaving an inheritance, covering estate taxes, or funding a trust.

Immediate and Future Needs:

  • Think about immediate needs such as funeral expenses and ongoing needs like replacing your income for the years to come.

2. Understand Types of Life Insurance:

Term Life Insurance:

  • Provides coverage for a specific term, usually 10, 20, or 30 years.
  • Typically more affordable but does not build cash value.
  • Best for covering temporary needs, like paying off a mortgage or funding education.

Whole Life Insurance:

  • Offers lifetime coverage with fixed premiums.
  • Builds cash value over time that can be borrowed against.
  • More expensive but provides lifelong protection and a savings component.
  • Suitable for long-term financial goals, estate planning, or leaving an inheritance.

Universal Life Insurance:

  • Permanent life insurance with flexible premiums and death benefits.
  • Cash value grows over time and can be invested.
  • Offers flexibility to adjust premiums and coverage.
  • Ideal for those seeking flexibility in payments and investment options.

Variable Life Insurance:

  • Combines death benefit with investment options.
  • Cash value and death benefit fluctuate based on investment performance.
  • Offers potential for higher returns but comes with investment risk.
  • Suitable for individuals comfortable with market fluctuations and seeking investment growth.

Final Expense Insurance:

  • Provides a small death benefit to cover funeral and burial expenses.
  • Simplified underwriting and easy approval process.
  • Suitable for seniors or those with health concerns looking to cover end-of-life costs.

3. Consider Your Budget:


  • Determine how much you can comfortably afford to pay in premiums.
  • Remember that higher coverage and additional features will increase the cost.

Affordability Over Time:

  • Consider the affordability of the policy over its entire term, especially if it’s a permanent policy.
  • Ensure you can maintain payments to keep the policy in force.

4. Evaluate Additional Features:


  • Explore optional riders that can enhance your coverage, such as:
    • Accelerated Death Benefit: Allows you to access a portion of the death benefit if diagnosed with a terminal illness.
    • Waiver of Premium: Waives premiums if you become disabled and unable to work.
    • Child Rider: Provides coverage for your children within the same policy.

Conversion Options:

  • If considering term life insurance, check if it offers the option to convert to a permanent policy without a medical exam.

5. Compare Insurance Providers:

Research Insurers:

  • Look for reputable insurance companies with strong financial ratings.
  • Check customer reviews and ratings to gauge customer satisfaction.

Obtain Multiple Quotes:

  • Get quotes from different insurers for the same coverage amount and term.
  • Compare premiums, benefits, riders, and terms of the policies.

6. Review Policy Details Carefully:

Read the Fine Print:

  • Understand all terms, conditions, and exclusions of the policy.
  • Pay attention to any limitations on coverage, premium adjustments, and renewal terms.

Ask Questions:

  • Don’t hesitate to ask your insurance agent or provider for clarification on any aspects of the policy.
  • Ensure you fully understand how the policy works and what it covers.

7. Seek Professional Advice:

Consult with a Financial Advisor:

  • A financial advisor can help you assess your needs, understand policy options, and make informed decisions.
  • They can provide personalized advice based on your financial situation and goals.

Talk to an Insurance Agent:

  • An insurance agent specializing in life insurance can guide you through policy options and help you find the best fit.
  • They can explain policy features, riders, and answer any questions you may have.

8. Review and Update Regularly:

Periodic Reviews:

  • Regularly review your life insurance needs as your circumstances change.
  • Update your policy if you experience major life events such as marriage, the birth of a child, or changes in income.

Policy Checkup:

  • Every few years, review your policy to ensure it still meets your needs and remains cost-effective.
  • Consider adjusting coverage or adding riders as necessary.

9. Make an Informed Decision:

Balance Coverage and Cost:

  • Choose a policy that offers the right balance of coverage and affordability.
  • Ensure the policy aligns with your financial goals and provides the protection your loved ones need.

Understand the Purpose:

  • Keep in mind the primary purpose of the policy, whether it’s income replacement, debt payoff, estate planning, or final expenses.
  • Select a policy that fulfills these objectives while fitting within your budget.

By following these steps and carefully considering your financial situation and goals, you can make an informed decision when selecting a life insurance policy. Remember that life insurance is an essential part of financial planning, providing protection and security for your loved ones in the event of your passing.